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Constraint induced aphasia therapy

Constraint-Induced Language Therapy Lingraphic

CILT is an intense treatment choice for people who only want to work on speaking. It is also known as Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy. CILT requires the person with aphasia to communicate only by speaking. It does not allow any means of communicating other than verbally Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of aphasia, but clinicians have expressed concern regarding how far CIAT is practical to implement in clinical practice Constraint-induced Aphasia Therapy Constraint-induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) is an intensive form of speech therapy used to treat aphasia. It derives from constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT). When constraint-induced therapy is applied to movement, the participant has to wear a constraint, such as a mitt or sling, on his or her good limb This work shows that during constraint-induced aphasia therapy practice, persons with aphasia move towards greater communicative efficiency Constraint-Indu~ed Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) is a program designed to treat speech inpost-stroke clients incorporating the three principles of intensity, constraint, and shaping

Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy: Volunteer-led

Constraint-induced language therapy (CILT), a treatment technique for individuals with aphasia, has received considerable attention in the recent literature CIAT (Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy) is an adaptation of CIMT for people with Aphasia. It can be used for clients with either expressive or receptive aphasia. Like CIMT, treatment is intensive and usually occurs over a ten-day period for several hours per day Aetna considers constraint-induced aphasia/language therapy, alone or in combination with transcranial magnetic stimulation, experimental and investigational for the treatment of post-stroke aphasia or other indications because its effectiveness has not been established Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT), a noninvasive treatment approach for aphasia, has attracted great interests in therapists since it was developed in 2001, but there is a lack of systematic review in recent years to explore its efficiency on the patients with aphasia Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) (Pulvermüller et al., 2001), a new treatment approach for patients with chronic poststroke aphasia (PSA), is an efficacious, short-term treatment developed on the basis of Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) (Taub et al., 1993) and communicative aphasia therapy (CAT) (Davis & Wilcox, 1985), as well as on the basis of neuroscientific principles and findings (Taub, 1977, 1980; Pulvermüller & Berthier, 2008)

(PDF) The comparative effects of Multi-Modality Aphasia

Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) has been widely used in post-stroke aphasia rehabilitation. An increasing number of clinical controlled trials have investigated the efficacy of the CIAT for the post-stroke aphasia Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) has proven effective in patients with subacute and chronic forms of aphasia. It has remained unclear, however, whether intensity of therapy or constraint is the relevant factor. Data about intensive speech and language therapy (SLT) are conflicting

Constraint-induced Aphasia Therapy - Research & Hop

Rationale: The comparative efficacy and cost-effectiveness of constraint-induced and multi-modality aphasia therapy in chronic stroke are unknown Constraint-induced aphasia therapy for patients with aphasia: A systematic review Guandong Wang , Li Ge , Qingxiang Zheng , Pingping Huang and Jing Xiang Current Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Reports 8:4 (478-492) 1 Dec 202 Alyssa Benigno and Alexandra Daquil Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) is defined as a systematic constraint of verbal and nonverbal communication modalities with massed practice of targeted language skills [1-3]. In CIAT protocol communicative behaviors are gradually guided toward more complex linguistic communication Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy for Patients With Aphasia: A Systematic Review Wang, G., Ge, L., et al. (2020). International Journal of Nursing Sciences, 7 (3), 349-358

The Taub Therapy Clinic at UAB, providing constraint induced (CI) therapy, has closed permanently. However, CI therapy is now provided by previous Taub Therapy therapists in a private practice setting. If you are interested in CI therapy or would like more information, please email them at citherapyinfo@gmail.com. Schedule an Appointment Purpose The initial version of Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT I) consisted of a single exercise. This study sought to evaluate the feasibility for future trials of an expanded and restructured protocol designed to increase the efficacy of CIAT I

Aphasia Study: Change Patterns in Constraint-induced

Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) is an intensive language programme for individuals with aphasia caused by stroke or other neurological disorders, who have language problems. CIAT is an effective treatment and increases the quantity and quality of spoken language. CIAT is carried out by a fully trained speech and language therapist Background: Communication outcomes following stroke are improved when treatments for aphasia are administered early, within the first 3 months after stroke, and provided for more than 2 hours per week.However, uncertainty remains about the optimal type of aphasia therapy. Aims: We compared constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) with individual, impairment-based intervention, both.

Constraint-induced aphasia therapy stimulates language recovery in patients with chronic aphasia after ischemic stroke. Medical Science Monitor , 14 , CR243-CR250. Medline Google Schola Abstract. BACKGROUND: Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of aphasia, but clinicians have expressed concern regarding how far CIAT is practical to implement in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether CIAT delivered in a less-intense, lower dose, reduced constraint and volunteer-led format could produce positive outcomes in people. Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT; Pulvermüller et al., 2001) has been shown to be efficacious in promoting positive changes in formal tests of language function and client perceptions of everyday communication for many individuals with chronic aphasia. Since the publication of the CIAT studies, questions have arisen concernin The current application of CI Therapy to aphasia is a revision and much-improved version of an earlier therapy devised by Taub and German colleagues in 2002. Wilmer Poynor was one of the first two volunteers for the Constraint Induced Therapy for aphasia trial at UAB developed by Taub and Johnson. We use various tasks like sentence. Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT). CILT differs considerably from traditional methods of language intervention for adults with aphasia. Most conventional methods of language intervention employ the use of multi-modal methods of communication. Individuals are encouraged to use aids such as pictures,.

Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy: Cueing Study An Honors

Constraint-Induced Therapy of Chronic Aphasia After Stroke

Objective. We conducted a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study of both memantine and constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) on chronic poststroke aphasia followed by an open-label extension phase Patients with chronic aphasia were assigned randomly to a group to receive either conventional aphasia therapy or constraint-induced (CI) aphasia therapy, a new therapeutic technique requiring intense practice over a relatively short period of consecutive days. CI aphasia therapy is realized in a communicative therapeutic environment constraining patients to practice systematically speech acts. Meinzer M, Elbert T, Djundja D, et al. Extending the constraint-induced momvement therapy (CIMT) approach to cognitive functions: constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) of chronic aphasia. J Neurol Rehabil. 2007; 22:311-318. [Google Scholar Treatment. Preliminary results suggest that constraint-induced language therapy (CILT) improves language performance in individuals with aphasia. Based on the limited number of studies, further research is needed to investigate whether CILT offers greater communication outcomes compared to conventional aphasia treatment Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) and highlights the importance of student involvement in research opportunities for future clinical practica. CIAT Research Study Description. The graduate student clinicians participated in a research project by providing CIAT to eigh

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Aphasia Therapy Planne

  1. The use of constraint-induced language treatment (CILT) by speech-language pathologists continues to gain momentum as a viable treatment for individuals with stroke-induced aphasia. Since our original systematic review of the literature (Cherney, Patterson, Raymer, Frymark, &
  2. iTAWC (Intensive Treatment for Aphasia in Western Canada) iTAWC (pronounced I-talk) is the first and only intensive aphasia program available in all of Western Canada. Located in beautiful Vancouver, we provide evidence-based, personalized, intensive aphasia therapy. Although our aphasia program location in Vancouver, British Columbia may.
  3. ing CIAT applied to.
  4. The Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT, dt. Restriction-induced aphasia therapy) is an on neuroscience reasoned considerations form of therapy, patients with acquired language disorder ( aphasia to help) to recover their language skills. The therapy was developed analogously to Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT), a therapy for people with acquired movement disorders

A video project created in fulfillment of the requirements in SLPD4: Language and Communication Disorders in Adults. Aque, Balani, Picadizo, Piodos, RetizosS.. Aims: We compared constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) with individual, impairment-based intervention, both administered early and daily after acute stroke. Methods & Procedures: This prospective, single-blinded, randomised, controlled trial recruited participants with mild to severe aphasia within 10 days of an acute stroke from acute.

Technology can be a great companion for stroke survivors with aphasia, opening up multiple avenues to communicate and connect. Here are just a few examples. Smartphones and tablets and other devices let you store family photos and access emails and social media sites like Facebook. Text-to-speech features help with reading comprehension Background: Constraint induced language therapy (CILT) focuses on improving acquired expressive language deficits after stroke by applying intensive, use-dependent treatment with constraint to spoken verbal expression. Most CILT research has utilised individuals with chronic aphasia, and previous results indicated improvement on the language assessments after intervention that was largely. Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy Versus Intensive Semantic Treatment in Fluent Aphasia Ineke Wilssens , Dorien Vandenborre , Kim van Dun , Jo Verhoeven , Evy Visch-Brink and Peter Mariën American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology 24:3 (566-584) 1 Aug 201 Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) is an intensive speech and language treatment approach rooted in motor therapy. It is most often utilized to treat post-stroke language loss. The underlying framework for this treatment is based on the concepts of shaping, intensive practice, and prevention of compensatory strategies efficient group aphasia therapy is important. Recent modification in the intensive, social- functional restorative communication approach, also called as Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy II (CIAT II), has shown promising results with increasing spontaneous speech in everyday life situations in individuals with chronic aphasia. However, th

Lingraphica's TalkPath Therapy is designed to help individuals practice their speech, language, and cognitive skills. Create a free account now Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy-Plus (CIATplus) and Multi-modality Aphasia Therapy (M-MAT) for noun retrieval in individuals with severe chronic Broca's aphasia. The secondary aim was to investigate whether the use of verbal constraint is an essential element of therapy. We hypothesised that M-MAT and CIATplus would lead to equall Treatment Types: Constraint Induced Language Therapy (CILT) Kurland, J., Pulvermuller, F., Silva, N., et al. (2012). Constrained versus unconstrained intensive language therapy in two individuals with chronic, moderate-to-severe aphasia and apraxia of speech: behavioral and fMRI outcomes

CI Therapy UA

Constraint-Induced Therapy (CIT) This type of aphasia physical therapy has three treatment principles: constraint, forced use, and massed practice. In general, constraint means to avoid compensation by tying down the good limb. In regard to aphasia, constraint then refers to avoiding the use of strategies such as gesturing, writing, drawing, or. Search worldwide, life-sciences literatur Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) is sometimes referred to as Intensive Language Action Therapy (ILAT). This technique has an impressive research base to support its use for people with aphasia (PWA) and the evidence base includes both single case and randomised control trial evidence (Pulvermuller, Neininger, Elbert, Mohr, Rockstroh. After stratification by aphasia severity, 216 participants will be randomised to Multi-modality Aphasia Therapy, Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy, or usual care. Cognitive, language, and speech assessments at baseline will enable sophisticated predictors of treatment responsiveness to be defined

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Constraint-induced Movement Therapy. Constraint-induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) is typically used to help people who have a weakness on one side of their body. It is based on three main principles: first, you are not allowed to use your good hand or leg; this is restricted or constrained by a mitt, a splint or a sling While high-quality meta-analyses have confirmed the effectiveness of aphasia therapy after stroke, there is limited evidence for the comparative effectiveness of different aphasia interventions. Two commonly used interventions, Constraint-induced Aphasia Therapy Plus (CIAT Plus) and Multi-modality Aphasia Therapy (M-MAT), are hypothesised to rely on diverse underlying neural mechanisms for. Recovery from aphasia is possible even in severe cases. While speech-language therapy remains as the mainstay treatment of aphasia, its effectiveness has not been conclusively proved. This has motivated the planning of more rational therapies (e.g., constraint-induced language therapy [Pulvermüller et al., 2001; 32: 1621-1626]) Background: Aphasia therapy that involves a high weekly intensity, short overall duration, restriction of nonverbal communication, coupled with constraints on verbal complexity, has recently gained momentum (constraint‐induced language therapy, or CILT).The gains have been documented primarily for formal language tests, especially in lexical retrieval, repetition, and comprehension measures

Constraint-Induced Language Therapy: A Systematic Review

While there are many different forms of therapy that are used to treat stroke victims, one such emerging treatment is called Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT). This therapy was developed specifically to target arm movement impairments as a result of a stroke (Kwakkel et al., p. 224). Introduction. Aphasia is a language disorder that results from damage to areas of the brain that are responsible for language. Approximately 80% of language disorders arise as a consequence of stroke.1 Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) is founded on the principles of the constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT).2 The therapy includes an intensive, massed practice Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy for Treatment of Chronic Post-Stroke Aphasia: A Randomized, Blinded, Controlled Pilot Trial Received: 2015.04.01 Accepted: 2015.05.27 Published: 2015.09.24 Authors' Contribution: Study Design A Data Collection B Analysis C Statistical Data Interpretation D Manuscript Preparation E Literature Search F Funds.

Abstract - Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) is an intensive therapy model based on the forced use of verbal oral language as the sole channel of communication, while any alternative communication mode such as writing, gesturing or pointing are prevented Aetna considers constraint -induced aphasia/language therapy, alone or in combination with transcranial magnetic stimulation, experimental and investigational for the treatment of post - stroke aphasia or other indications because its effectiveness has not been established. Background Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT), also known a

Objective: To compare the effectiveness of two intensive therapy methods: Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) and semantic therapy (BOX). Method: Nine patients with chronic fluent aphasia participated in a therapy programme to establish behavioral treatment outcomes. Participants were randomly assigned to one of two groups (CIAT or BOX) The role of intensity in constraint-induced language therapy for people with chronic aphasia Jennifer Mozeiko, Carl A. Coelho & Emily B. Myers To cite this article: Jennifer Mozeiko, Carl A. Coelho & Emily B. Myers (2016) The role of intensity in constraint-induced language therapy for people with chronic aphasia, Aphasiology Two different treatments, Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy Plus (CIAT Plus) and Multi-Modality Aphasia Therapy (M-MAT) aim to improve spoken language production through intensive shaping of responses, and social-mediated repetitive prac- tice. CIAT Plus constrains responses to the verbal modality, while M-MAT includes gesture, drawing. KEY WORDS: aphasia, intensity, constraint, rehabilitation Constraint-induced language therapy (CILT), a relatively new apha-sia treatment, (Pulvermuller et al., 2001), has garnered consid-erable interest from consumer groups and clients with aphasia. The major components of CILT involve both forced use of verbal language and massed practice (i.

Constraint-Induced Language Therapy (CILT) CILT is an intensive treatment approach focused on increasing spoken language output while discouraging (constraining) the use of compensatory communication strategies (e.g., gesturing and writing) The Treatment: Attentive Reading and Constrained Summarization (ARCS) Attentive Reading and Constrained Summarization (ARCS) is a cognitive-linguistic treatment that focuses on reading and verbally summarizing text to improve discourse, using the cognitive skills of attention and intentional language.ARCS has been shown to improve informativeness, efficiency, and topic maintenance in conversation stroke aphasia or other indications because its effectiveness has not been established. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT), also known as forced use movement therapy, is a therapeutic approach to rehabilitation of movement after stroke. It has purportedly bee Constraint Induced Language Therapy was designed to help people with more severe aphasia regain speaking skills, but it can be used to treat anomia as well. It utilizes the same principles as CIMT (Constraint Induced Movement Therapy) With movement therapy, the goal is to force the person to use their weak limb by eliminating compensatory tactics Craig Hospital's intensive aphasia program is built upon a variety of evidence-based treatment methods that target speaking, listening, reading, writing and/or drawing. For example, Intensive Language Action Therapy (also known as Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy) may be used to target speaking. For more information, contact

Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy for the treatment of motor disorders such as those caused by stroke, traumatic brain injury, or cerebral palsy does not meet Blue Cross and Blue Shield of Alabama's medical criteria for coverage and is considered investigational. Constraint Induced Language Therapy for the treatment of aphasia does not meet. Constraint induced language therapy in early aphasia rehabilitation. Aphasiology, 24(6), 725 - 736. Paper II Kirmess, M., & Lind, M. (Submitted). Oral text production as measurement for treatment outcome in aphasia. Aphasiology. Aphasia embraces expressive and receptive language modalities (speech, comprehension, reading, and writing) and. Objective: To investigate the effects of constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) on language function in patients with chronic post-stroke aphasia. Background: Aphasia is one of the most devastating sequelae of left middle cerebral artery (LMCA) stroke. The currently available rehabilitative therapies provide only partial improvement of language function and many patients are left with. Aphasia is prevalent in people following stroke, which can leave a significant impact in life of patient with stroke. One of the new methods of treatment for patients with aphasia is CIAT. It is an intensive form of language therapy used to treat aphasia. It derives from constraint induced movement therapy Purpose: There is a 40-year history of interest in the use of arm and hand gestures in treatments that target the reduction of aphasic linguistic impairment and compensatory methods of communication (Rose, 2006). Arguments for constraining aphasia treatment to the verbal modality have arisen from proponents of constraint-induced aphasia therapy (Pulvermuller et al., 2001)

Adding Brain Stimulation Enhances Stroke Rehab

OBJECTIVE: The authors compared the effectiveness of 2 intensive therapy methods: Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT; Pulvermüller et al., 2001) and semantic therapy (BOX; Visch-Brink & Bajema, 2001). METHOD: Nine patients with chronic fluent aphasia participated in a therapy program to establish behavioral treatment outcomes This task is designed for speech-language pathologists working with people on functional vocabulary and conversation using the constraint-induced language therapy model. Patients are challenged to place objects in a workspace according to how they are described. Emergency Aphasia Card; A card featuring communication strategies for people with. GO APHASIA!: EXAMINING THE EFFICACY OF CONSTRAINT- INDUCED LANGUAGE THERAPY WITH AGRAMMATIC APHASIA By Christine Rachel Virion Thesis submitted to the Faculty of the Graduate School of the University of Maryland, College Park in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts 2008 Advisory Committee Study of Modified Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy Schedule to Treat Patients Following Sub-acute Stroke (MCIAT) The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government

The speech therapy used a technique called constraint-induced aphasia therapy or CIAT, which combines intense verbal communication training with language games that build simple as well as complex. If constraint-induced language therapy is too difficult at first, patients may benefit from simpler treatments, such as drawing therapy. As with all types of aphasia, the best way to recover is to work closely with a speech therapist, who can assess your symptoms and devise a treatment plan that meets your specific needs

(PDF) Multi-modality aphasia therapy is as efficacious as

Constraint-induced Aphasia Therapy versus Intensive Semantic Treatment in Fluent Aphasia.. American Journal of Speech-Language Pathology, 24 In this article we will review how CIMT principles can be adapted to treat post-stroke aphasia, thereby establishing a Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT). First results of this new approach suggest success and feasibility for the treatment of chronic aphasia. The observation of reorganizational changes in brain activity following. Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) is sometimes referred to as Intensive Language Action Therapy (ILAT) and has an impressive and consistent research record to support its use for people with aphasia (PWA). The evidence base includes both single case and randomised control trial evidence (Pulvermuller, Neininger, Elbert, Mohr, Rockstroh. Constraint-Induced Therapies in the Treatment of Aphasia download Report Comment Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) is a powerful and well evaluated therapeutic tool for the treatment of post-stroke paresis. CIMT is based on an intensive training (massed practice) principle and a gradual rebuilding of movement functions (shaping principle). In this article we will review how CIMT principles can be adapted to treat post-stroke aphasia, thereby establishing a.

In constraint-induced aphasia therapy the interaction is guided by communicative need in a language game context, picture cards, barriers making it impossible to see other players' cards, and other materials, so that patients are encouraged (constrained) to use the remaining verbal abilities to succeed in the communication game Meinzer M, Djundja D, Barthel G, et al. Long-term stability of improved language functions in chronic aphasia after constraint-induced aphasia therapy. Stroke 2005; 36:1462. Palmer R, Enderby P, Cooper C, et al. Computer therapy compared with usual care for people with long-standing aphasia poststroke: a pilot randomized controlled trial BACKGROUND:Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) has been widely used in post-stroke aphasia rehabilitation. An increasing number of clinical controlled trials have investigated the efficacy of the CIAT for the post-stroke aphasia. PURPOSE:To systematically review the randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning the effect of the CIAT in.

Types of Aphasia | American Stroke Association

PPT - CAT In patients with aphasia post stroke, does constraint induced aphasia therapy assist language pr PowerPoint presentation | free to view - id: 1f44c3-ZDc1Z. The Adobe Flash plugin is needed to view this content. Get the plugin no The role of the two hemispheres in the neurorehabilitation of language is still under dispute. This study explored the changes in language-evoked brain activation over a 2-week treatment interval with intensive constraint induced aphasia therapy (CIAT), which is also called intensive language action therapy (ILAT). Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to assess brain. CIAT - Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy. Looking for abbreviations of CIAT? It is Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy. Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy listed as CIAT. Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy - How is Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy abbreviated Constraint-induced aphasia therapy (CIAT) is an intensive therapy model based on the forced use of verbal oral language as the sole channel of communication, while any alternative communication mode such as writing, gesturing or pointing are prevented interventions, Constraint-induced Aphasia Therapy Plus (CIAT Plus) and Multi-modality Aphasia Therapy (M-MAT), are hypothesised to rely on diverse underlying neural mechanisms for recovery and may be differentially responsive to aphasia severity. COMPARE is a prospective randomised open-blinded end-point trial designed to determin

Although new aphasia therapy approaches have been introduced during this time window, including treatment of underlying forms (Thompson & Shapiro, 2005, Aphasiology), semantic feature analysis (Boyle, 2010, Top Stroke Rehabil), and constraint-induced aphasia therapy (Pulvermüller et al., 2001, Stroke), none of these approaches seem to offer a. Purpose: This systematic review summarizes evidence for intensity of treatment and constraint-induced language therapy (CILT) on measures of language impairment and communication activity/participation in individuals with stroke-induced aphasia. Method: A systematic search of the aphasia literature using 15 electronic databases (e.g., PubMed, CINAHL) identified 10 studies meeting inclusion. BACKGROUND: Constraint Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) has been shown to be effective in the treatment of aphasia, but clinicians have expressed concern regarding how far CIAT is practical to implement in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether CIAT delivered in a less-intense, lower dose, reduced constraint and volunteer-led format. Two commonly used interventions, Constraint-induced Aphasia Therapy Plus (CIAT Plus) and Multi-modality Aphasia Therapy (M-MAT), are hypothesised to rely on diverse underlying neural mechanisms for recovery and may be differentially responsive to aphasia severity. COMPARE is a prospective randomised open-blinded end-point trial designed to. Extending the Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy (CIMT) approach to cognitive functions: Constraint-Induced Aphasia Therapy (CIAT) of chronic aphasia. NeuroRehabilitation. 2007; 22 (4): 311 - 318. 17971622 19 Pulvermuller F, Neininger B, Elbert T, Mohr B, Rockstroh B, Koebbel P, et al. Constraint-induced therapy of chronic aphasia after.